Calluses are hard, thickened areas of skin that are generally not painful and require no treatment. This hardened skin is the body’s way of protecting itself from diffuse pressure or friction. Poorly fitted or worn footwear are a common cause. Some people with dry skin are predisposed to developing callus.
Home treatment includes soaking the foot in warm water to soften the callus, followed by gently buffing the skin with a pumice stone to remove the dead skin. Take great care if you opt to use this method. Rubbing too aggressively with the pumice stone may cause the callus to bleed and an infection can develop. Under no circumstances should you try to cut the callus off by yourself. Improper techniques can result in cuts and bacterial infection. If the callus is persistent, visit your podiatrist for proper callus removal or reduction. The podiatrist can also provide advice to reduce the onset of callus formation in the future.